Headaches are not usually serious and
can be treated at home. Common causes include tiredness, stress, an illness such as flu, or exposure too hot or cold temperatures. But headaches can be a
sign of a more serious problem like meningitis, head injury or stroke. If someone has other symptoms or it’s following a blow to the head, be sure to seek medical advice. If someone has a headache, help them to lie
or sit down in a quiet place and give them something cold to hold against
their head. This could be a cold compress; it could
be an ice pack or a bag of frozen peas wrapped up in a cloth. Be sure not to leave it on for longer than 10 minutes. For adults, you can suggest they take the
recommended dose of painkillers, such as paracetamol. For children, you can give
them the recommended dose of paracetamol syrup. If someone has other symptoms, such
as fever, vomiting, a stiff neck and sensitivity to light, be sure to seek medical advice
immediately. Or if they become unresponsive, call 999 or 112 for
emergency help and prepare to treat an unresponsive casualty. If they have a headache following a head injury, if the headache is not settling, or their
condition is getting worse they should also seek medical advice
immediately. Remember: get them to lie or sit in a quiet place, help them to take
the recommended dose of painkiller and if you are concerned, seek medical advice. That’s how we treat headache.

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