9 Depression Brain Differences (Depressed Brain vs Normal Brain)

what is up everybody this is Chris from
the rewired so where we talk about the problem but focus on the solution and if
you’re new to my channel my channel is all about mental health so if you’re
into that stuff if you’re into trying to improve your mental health like I am on
a daily basis make sure you subscribe and bring that notification valve and
yes today we are going to be talking about the nine differences between the
average brain and the depressed brain alright and I think it’s important to
note before we get started if you have depression there is nothing wrong with
your brain all right it is just tuned a little bit differently okay we’re gonna
be talking about different brain regions we’re gonna be talking about
neurotransmitters and all that kind of good stuff
but before we get started I have a little secret to tell you all right so
come in come here real quick I am NOT a neuroscientist I know I know it’s hard
to believe I look like a neuroscientist I talk like a neuroscientist but I am
NOT one but you know who is this guy alright that is dr. Alex Korb he is a
neuroscientist and I actually just finished his book for the second time
it’s called the upward spiral it is one of the best books on depression I’ve
ever read in my life and he is super cool he’s actually gonna be a guest on
my podcast really soon when I reboot that back up I have a lot of really cool
psychologists lined up for the show anyways if you have any questions about
depression that you would like me to ask them on the podcast make sure you leave
some comments down below alright so let’s get started by talking a little
bit about a couple brain regions okay so first we got the dorsal anterior
cingulate alright now this pays attention to pain mistakes you made and
things that might go wrong alright this is the part of the brain that gives the
amygdala alright the emotional part of the brain fuel to freak the hell out
alright then you also got this part of the brain called the ventral anterior
cingulate and it is for optimism so that part of the brain kind of chills
the amygdala out so we’re gonna be talking about those two parts of the
brain a little bit as well as like the
amygdala limbic system and all that stuff okay just know like we have two
main parts of the brain okay you got your limbic system where the amygdala is
that is our very primitive emotional part of the brain then there are parts
of the prefrontal cortex in that whole brain region that is responsible for
things like emotional regulation logical decision-making
it helps us think rationally and problem-solve and all that but we’re
gonna be talking about how depressed brains function a little bit differently
all right so number one depressed brains actually
see facial expressions differently so check this out okay so they did a study
where they showed regular people with average brains and people with depressed
brains different pictures okay people who had different emotions sadness
happiness or neutral faces alright check this out okay people with depression saw
neutral faces as being angry or sad or different negative emotions okay
that is huge okay so think about it when you’re hanging out with friends or
family members or you’re at work or you’re on the street or you’re at the
store alright somebody who has a neutral face no expression at all the depressed
brain perceives that as that person being angry at you or maybe you think
they’re sad right because people with depression actually have more empathy
than other people like we can feel other people’s emotions a lot more than the
average brain but just think about the implications of that seeing neutral
faces as having an emotion that they don’t actually have so number two the
depressed brand actually fixates on the negative longer than the average brain
alright so in one study what they did was they showed people different words
okay they showed them different negative words or words that would imply like you
know something like you know scary or hurt or whatever and the average brain
the amygdala lit up for an average of about 10 seconds for the the depressed
brain the average was about 25 seconds okay so
people with depressed brains they experienced negativity longer so like
think about it as bouncing back people with depression it takes them a lot
longer if they’re lucky to even bounce back but it takes them longer to bounce
back from negativity number three the depressed brain has a stronger
negativity bias okay all humans have a negativity bias it’s something that kept
us safe kept us from being eaten by lions and tigers of Biggers back in the
day and all that but today it’s not as necessary to notice the negative all
right but depressed brains notice the negative a lot more than the average
brain okay but this could also be sort of a positive like Alex Horeb discusses
in his book like you wouldn’t want a super optimistic like structural
structural engineer right someone who’s like creating or building they’re like
that’s probably safe you know what I mean so sometimes that negativity bias
can help you see problems that other people don’t see
for me personally like sometimes I need to talk to people and help them kind of
balance things out and let me know that everything’s gonna be okay or I’ve been
through it before or hey this isn’t as bad is this other situation I need some
people to kind of hit me with that that other point of view when my depression
is kicking in number four there is a genetic component for depression okay if
you come from a family where people in your family struggle with depression
you’re more likely to get a gene associated with depression one thing
that that gene does is that it affects the way that neurotransmitters kind of
are created or how they multiply in your brain serotonin is probably one of the
the leading neurotransmitters where if you don’t have much like it can really
make you depress like if you’re looking for motivation and you can’t find it
like because of your depression typically that’s a serotonin issue all
right but they also found that the ventral anterior cingulate is less
if when you have this gene and if you remember from what we talked about
earlier that part of the brain is responsible for optimism all right so
not only does this gene to make that part of your brain smaller but it also
makes it less active so number five and sorry I got a look at my stuff I don’t
see it real quick is this one always trips me up number five
mood congruent attentional bias alright so again this is how depressed people
see the world okay again this goes back towards the negativity bias okay so it’s
imagine kind of having this lens of the world and I hope some people who don’t
struggle with depression I hope this is educating people a little bit but people
with depression this mood congruent attentional bias it’s like having this
lens on where House court talks about it was like imagine only watching the news
right and only thinking like this world is a terrible awful place all these
terrible things are happening got it out of da right like you could change the
channel but people with depression it’s hard for them to change that channel
number six depressed brains assume the worst
so in one study what they did was they were showing people pictures and they
they tried telling people beforehand like hey we’re about to show you some
negative pictures and they saw these people because they hadn’t hooked up to
brain scans their emotional center of the brain in the limbic system became
more active like they expected the worse right but with another group of
depressed people they didn’t tell them that they were going to show them
negative pictures but when they said we’re about to show you pictures the
brain also reacted like it was assuming the worst
number seven the depressed brain feels pain both physical and emotional pain
more deeply okay so what they’ve seen is that depressed brains do not release
endorphins as frequently or as good as the average brain endorphins are the
body’s natural morphine or opiates all right I laugh because I’m a recovery
opiate addict so that kind of makes me chuckle a little bit anyways so when you
experience pain or emotional pain like your body or your brain react to that by
like hey here’s some good stuff to make that make you not feel so bad
well the depressed brain isn’t quite creating those endorphins in the proper
way number eight now this one I think is huge the depressed brain stores bad
memories more than the average back brain all right so in the limbic system
you have a few key parts so you have the amygdala right the emotional center of
the brain but then you also have the hippocampus the hippocampus is
responsible for storing memories okay and one of the things it does is it
stores emotional memories so when you’re happy it’s like yo I’m gonna save this
in the hippocampus right but when you’re seeing the world through a depressed
lens that brings up a negative emotion and those are getting stored in the
hippocampus so depressed people have more bad memories on average finally the
depressed brain has a completely different view on winning and losing
alright so in one study what they did was they hooked people up to a brain
scan once again they love them some brain scans and they had been playing
this like gambling game alright and basically when people lost who struggle
with depression when they lost they were more likely to have the the part of the
brain responsible for motivation that activity decrease alright but not only
that not only that when they experienced a win their brain didn’t store that
memory as good okay now think about that all right so people with depression
they’re less likely to notice these positive events these wins these small
victories right their brain isn’t storing that as well now check this out
the good news about that study is they gave those people antidepressants for
four weeks four weeks had him come back ran the experiment again and when they
won they were able to log those positive memories of winning much better
so let’s get into the solution guys my videos aren’t just like oh let’s talk
about the problem now baby we talk about the solution too so one obviously if you
haven’t yet talked to a doctor give antidepressants a try if you haven’t yet
and the best advice I can give you as somebody who’s been on antidepressants
for over seven years now is don’t don’t think that if the first antidepressant
doesn’t work for you no antidepressant work for you like we
all have different biologies and we react to medications differently one
medication that didn’t work for you a different one might work better for you
for example I was on lexapro for many years it worked fantastic for me but I
knew a lot of people where it didn’t do squat okay it takes time it takes
patience we have to work with our doctors to find the right ones for us
alright the next thing the next thing I think I mentioned this on my second
channel I have read so many damn books on mental health and depression
alright so many like it’s dozens of books and two things constantly come up
two things are constantly coming up one is start getting in more physical
activity this doesn’t have to be exercised if you want to go to the gym
go to the damn gym baby but any kind of physical activity is good walking around
the block doing like a few push-ups like you don’t have to do 100 pushups just do
a few get moving these like these activities help with depression so much
second thing is sleep okay I know a lot of you struggle with insomnia that
sleeping habits you’re a night owl all that kind of stuff get your sleep right
alright if you want me to do a video on how to get better sleep let me know
because that is HUGE HUGE but good news is is that exercise of physical activity
can actually help you with your sleep so I don’t know if you could notice but I’m
actually down 20 pounds this year and something that I’ve noticed is from
physical activity and eating better my sleep is better too I have so much more
energy during the day alright and the last thing we’re gonna talk
about his therapy go get you some therapy okay if you have health
insurance all right you can call your provider and ask them what therapists
are in your network and you can typically find therapists who specialize
in certain things depression trauma anxiety or if you want to try a specific
type of therapy like cognitive behavioral therapy dialectical
behavioral therapy EMDR or EBT right you can find
therapists who specialize in those things all right if you’re seeing a
doctor sometimes your doctor can recommend you to a good therapist a good
psychologist or something like that me personally I use better help online
therapy and I absolutely love my therapist all right and better help
actually supports the channel so in the description of all my videos there is a
better help affiliate link what that means is that you get affordable online
therapy and when you sign up some of it comes back to help support the channel
all right lastly if you don’t have insurance if you don’t have money in the
United States almost every I don’t know decent-size city has government-funded
mental health programs all right I’m not talking about state-funded mental health
facilities right even though a lot of them do but some of them will provide
you with free therapy or I when I was working at the rehab center I had some
clients have to go to these the state funded organizations just to get their
meds refilled because they lost their insurance or whatever the case may be
all right you can find access to the government funded stuff through calling
I believe its 2-1-1 or going to the Samsung website okay SAMHSA google it
all right but anyways like I said I will have dr. Alex Cora on my podcast very
soon if you have any questions about depression let me know down in the
comments if you want me to make a video about how to get better sleep let me
know down in the comments and what was I missing there was something else I don’t
know check check the description there’s gonna be
stuff down there okay anyways that’s all I got for this video if you like this
video please give it a thumbs up if you do make sure you subscribe and ring that
notification about and if you think somebody will benefit by being educated
about depression share this video with them alright but before I let you go I
want to send out a huge huge thank you to everybody supports the channel over
on patreon as well as everybody who supports the channel by buying my mental
health books at the rewired soul call everybody who gets merged from the
rewired soul merch store you’re all amazing alright thanks again for
watching I’ll see you next time

13 thoughts on “9 Depression Brain Differences (Depressed Brain vs Normal Brain)

  1. Upward Spiral by Alex Korb: https://amzn.to/39Ty1KI

    Try the online therapy app I personally use for my mental health: https://tryonlinetherapy.com/rewiredsoul

    (Using this link helps support the channel)

    Follow me on Twitter and Instagram @TheRewiredSoul



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  2. Finally someone is explaining to worldwide audience in simple terms brain functioning and altered mental activities!!! I honestly think to overcome mental health tabù some sensitive people like you Chris must envolve most people as possible through such a powerful tool like you tube . You have worked many years within the mental health field and a psichiatric or psychologist are pro but in most cases they have a too refined speech so your knowledge and experience and good will to spread accurate infos is SO apreciated . Excellent job !!
    Thanks for sharing god bless 💐🐈

  3. I'd love to see a video on sleep. My sleep SUCKS. Im not just a night owl but it feels like I only get about 4 hours sleep every 24hrs on average

  4. YES!!! HELP ME SLEEP!!! Lol but for real sleep is one thing I’ve had issues with since I was a kid but it’s been getting worse. I loved this video btw!

  5. No credentials, not a therapist, a liar and an all around bad person, stop at least get demonized for being a fake. You just look up shit online and peddle it

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